Tracking the evolution of temporal patterns of usage in bicycle-Sharing systems using nonnegative matrix factorization on multiple sliding windows

Remy Cazabet, Pablo Jensen, Pierre Borgnat

International Journal of Urban Sciences, 2017, p. 1-15

Bicycle-Sharing Systems (BSS) are growing quickly in popularity all over the world. In this article, we propose a method based on Nonnegative Matrix Factorization to study the typical temporal patterns of usage of the BSS of Lyon, France, by studying logs of rentals. First, we show how this approach allows us to understand the spatial and temporal usage of the system. Second, we show how we can track the evolution of these temporal patterns over several years, and how this information can be used to better understand the BSS, but also changes in the city itself, by considering the stations as social sensors.