P2PTV Multi-channel Peers Analysis

Marwan Ghanem, Olivier Fourmaux, Fabien Tarissan and Takumi Miyoshi

In The 18th Asia-Pacific Network Operations and Management Symposium (APNOMS’16), Kanazawa, Japan, 2016.

After being the support of the data and voice convergence, the Internet has become one of the main video providers such as TV-stream. As an  alternative to limited or expensive technologies, P2PTV has turned out to be a promising support for such applications. This infrastructure strongly relies on the overlay composed by the peers that consume and diffuse video contents at the same time. Understanding the dynamical properties of this overlay, and in particular how the users switch from one overlay to another, appears to be a key aspect if one wants to improve the quality of P2PTV. In this paper, we investigate the question of relying on non-invasive measurement techniques to track the presence of users on several channels of P2PTV. Using two datasets obtained by using network measurement on P2PTV infrastructure, we show that such an approach contains sufficient information to track the presence of users on several channels. Besides, exploiting the view provided by sliding time windows, we are able to refine the analysis and track users that switch from one channel to another, leading to the detection of super-peers and providing explanations of the different roles they can play in the infrastructure. In addition, by comparing the results obtained on the two datasets, we show how such analyses can shed some light on the evolution of the infrastructure policy.